In many developing countries, the population of young people is growing. This is especially the case in Africa and South Asia, where agriculture’s share of gross domestic product is relatively high and urbanisation rates are relatively low. The prospect in these countries and regions for classical structural transformations, involving the emergence of manufacturing and services sectors as major generators of national employment, appears highly questionable. There are concerns, for example, over automation, sustainability, and entrenched comparative advantages of emerging countries in the export of manufactured goods.
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